Renewable Fuel Standard: Potential Economic and Environmental Effects of U.S. Biofuel Policy


NAS Press | 2011 | ISBN: 0309187516 9780309187510 | 417 pages | PDF | 12 MB

This volume describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate.

Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2).

Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this issue.

Contents
Preface
Summary
1 Introduction
2 Biofuel Supply Chain
3 Projected Supply of Cellulosic Biomass
4 The Economics and Economic Effects of Biofuel Production
5 Environmental Effects and Tradeoffs of Biofuels
6 Barriers to Achieving RFS2
APPENDIXES
Appendix A: Statement of Task
Appendix B: Biographical Sketches
Appendix C: Presentations to the Committee
Appendix D: Glossary
Appendix E: Select Acronyms and Abbreviations
Appendix F: Conversion Factors
Appendix G: Petroleum-Based Fuel Economics
Appendix H: Ethanol Biorefineries in Operation or Under Construction in the United States in 2010
Appendix I: Biodiesel Refineries in the United States in 2010
Appendix J: Economic Models Used to Assess the Effects of Biofuel Production in the United States
Appendix K: BioBreak Model: Assumptions for Willingness to Accept
Appendix L: BioBreak Model Assumptions
Appendix M: Summary of Literature Estimates
Appendix N: Blend Wall
Appendix O: Safety and Quality of Biofuel Coproducts as Animal Feed

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